Before talking about mental health issues, one should be aware of mental health. Mental health is a term that is constantly being used a lot at present yet it is a concept that has been neglected a lot, especially in India.
Mental health refers to the state of behavioural, cognitive, psychological, social and emotional well-being. It affects how an individual thinks, acts and handles stress.
Speaking about mental health issues, they are health conditions in which changes occur in the state of mind. They can be associated with distress and/or problems functioning in social, family or work activities. In the majority of cases these issues affect the day to day life of an individual and yet they are considered taboo.
Here’s a list of the most common and rare health issues prevailing around us~
Depression can be classified as a mood disorder. Generally, people suffering from depression are enveloped by a feeling of grief, anger or loss. Depression can be caused due to childhood trauma, abuse, brain structure, drug use or any underlying medical condition.
Depression can disbalance both work and personal life. It is a very serious condition and if not treated it might get even worse.
- Eating Disorders
Most people aren’t aware but eating disorders like Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa and Pica are mental health issues.
An anorexic individual generally views themselves as overweight even if they aren’t and tends to strict dieting measures.
Whereas, a bulimic individual is habitual to frequently eat a lot and then attempt to purge to compensate for the calories consumed by using laxatives, diuretics or excessive exercise. These disorders can occur during adolescence or early adulthood.
Pica refers to the disorder in which an individual eats things that aren’t food like dirt, chalk, soap or pebbles.
- Anxiety Disorder
It is the most common form of emotional disorder, the anxiety disorder may cause one to stop doing things they enjoy because of constant worry and anxiety.
General anxiety symptoms include increased heart rate, trouble concentrating, restlessness, rapid breathing and difficulty in falling asleep. The exact cause of anxiety is not known but it may be due to genetic or environmental factors.
- Capgras Syndrome
Named after Joseph Capgras, those with this syndrome have a delusional belief that someone very close to them(spouse, siblings or friends) is an imposter.
It is generally associated with schizophrenia, dementia, epilepsy or brain injury. It can affect anyone, but it’s more common in women. Currently, there is no prescribed treatment but there are treatments aimed to solve the underlying cause.
- Alice in Wonderland Syndrome(AIWS)
Also called Todd syndrome, AIWS is a syndrome in which an individual’s perception of their body image, space, or time is distorted. The most common of these is body image: patients are confused about the proportion of their body parts.
AIWS in children is associated with brain inflammation; in adults, it is migraine. As of now, there are no more than 180 cases of AIWS in the literature and it is considered a harmless disorder.
- Alien Hand Syndrome
Although the name seems fascinating, this is a quite scary ailment. This disorder causes one’s hand to act on its own free will, that is it moves as though it has its own mind.
It can be caused by stroke, tumour or trauma. There is no cure for this syndrome and therapies are under development.