How do I know if my Skin Barrier is damaged?
It is interesting to know that almost every human body part has an essential role in maintaining the normal physiology and metabolism of the body as well as in protecting our body.
The same is the case with our skin. Skin is the first layer on the body that protects us from outer harmful substances. Skin is vital as it covers and protects everything beneath it.
It’s due to the skin that muscles; bones and organs are safe and together. Our skin has a sense of touch, it protects our body and helps keep it at just the right temperature.
Skin is made up of different layers and each of them has its importance. The layer on the outside is known as the “epidermis”.
In simple words, we can say that the epidermis layer is the actual skin barrier of our body.
The skin barrier is considered healthy when it keeps out the elements of irritation that cause harm and locks the natural oil and moisture of the skin.
An unhealthy skin barrier will let in the harmful elements inside our skin and deteriorate the skin’s health which can lead to dry, rough, and reddened skin.
The skin barrier is made up of a substance known as “Acid mantle”. The acid mantle is found on the surface of the skin barrier which also consists of sweat and natural oils that helps us to protect the skin from bacteria, viruses, and other harmful variants.
This component is very important for the protection of our skin but when it’s not in balance it can also lead to dry and rough skin, acne, inflammation, and can make our skin oily.
Without the skin barrier present in our body the water in our body would escape and evaporate which ultimately will lead to dehydration.
Every day our skin comes in contact with many external threats.
Some of them can cause serious damage to our skin barrier. They are as follow:-
- The humid and dry environment
- Pollutants and allergens
- Too much UV exposure
- Over-exfoliation and over-washing
- Genetic factors
- Psychological distress
Through different symptoms, we can say that our skin is not healthy, these include-
- Dry and scaly skin
- Rough patches
- Sensitive skin
- Bacterial and fungal skin infections
It’s very important to take care of our skin. Our entire body depends on our skin. Following are some of the ways through which we can take care of our skin:-
- Skincare routine- Be careful of the products you use as they may weaken your skin barrier. While exfoliating, pay attention to how your skin reacts to the products and methods you use.
- Pay attention to pH– The pH value of our skin should be 5.7 to keep it at an optimum level, thus protecting the skin from dermatitis, acne, and ichthyoid infection.
- Replenish your skin barrier– Plant oils are best to repair the skin barrier and it also protects it from losing moisture. Some of the oils are also anti-bacterial and anti-oxidants. Examples- coconut oil, almond oil, jojoba oil, argan oil, etc.
- Ceramides– Ceramides moisturizers are best for acne. Due to acne, the skin becomes dry, rough, and reddens. Products with ceramides help protect the darker skin.
- Moisturizers with Petrolatum or Glycerine–Dry and rough skin is a very common problem and as a result, moisturizers are recommended. Moisturizers help the skin barrier by reducing the amount of water lost from the skin. Petrolatum can block up to 99% of the water loss from our skin.
Our skin barrier protects the body against harmful substances and the unfavorable environment. Thus, it’s very important to take care of our skin barrier as it is the body’s frontline defense against everything harmful the world throws at us. Keeping it healthy and protected should be our priority.