All you need to know about dribbling of urine after peeing
That sudden loss of bladder control in public situations can be embarrassing and unpleasant. However, dribbling of urine is not a problem that one must make peace with. It is quite curable and if the severity increases, consulting a doctor is the only call! To treat this problem, it is important to understand urinary dribble and why it is caused.
What is dribbling of urine?
Urinary incontinence, commonly known as urinary dribble is the leakage caused by a loss of bladder control. A person’s urinary system consists of kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra, which play different roles in waste removal in the form of urine. The body secretes its toxins with the water one consumes in the form of urine, through the urinary system.
Irregularities in the urinary system or issues with the nerve endings in the region cause failure to signal the brain when the bladder is full. When the system functions smoothly, a person can control the urge to urinate for some time. This does not happen in the presence of irregularities. These oddities can occur due to several biological reasons.
Most common urinary incontinence types:
- Stress incontinence:
When physical exertion, such as jumping, laughing, or coughing, causes urine to leak, it is known as stress incontinence. Weakened or injured pelvic floor muscles, the urethral sphincter, or both are possible causes. One usually doesn’t feel the need to urinate before a leak occurs. Because the pelvic floor muscles and nerves can be injured during childbirth, women who have delivered a baby vaginally may be at risk for this form of incontinence.
- Urge incontinence:
Urge incontinence can induce an overactive bladder (OAB). OAB can be caused by a variety of factors, including weak pelvic muscles, nerve injury, infection, decreased levels of estrogen after menopause, or higher body weight. OAB causes an intense, sudden urge to urinate even when the bladder isn’t full.
- Mixed incontinence:
Mixed continence is a combination of both stress incontinence and urges incontinence. This generally happens to women or men who have had prostate surgery.
- Reflex/Overflow incontinence:
Damaged nerves fail to alert your brain when your bladder is full, resulting in reflex incontinence. It most commonly occurs in persons who have suffered serious neurological damage as a result of spinal cord injuries, MS, surgery, or radiation treatment, among other things.
- Functional incontinence:
When a condition unrelated to the urinary tract causes you to have accidents, this is known as functional incontinence. In such cases, you’re either unaware that you need to urinate, unable to express your urge, or physically incapable of getting to the bathroom in time. Dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, mental illness, physical infirmity, and certain drugs are likely to cause functional incontinence.
What are urinary dribbling causes?
Dribbling of urine can occur to anyone at any time. Yet, it is more prevalent in certain demographics and age groups. Women have incontinence at a much higher rate than men. Pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause are all common causes of this. Each of these events has the potential to impair a woman’s pelvic support muscles over time. Urinary dribble is also a common old-age symptom.
Who is at risk?
People with the following conditions are more likely to get dribbling of urine:
- Bladder stones or tumours
- Multiple sclerosis (MS)
- Brain injuries
- Pelvic floor disorders
- Enlarged prostate
- Old age (dementia/ Alzheimer’s disease)
Treatments for urinary incontinence:
- Lifestyle changes:
- Bladder training
- Double voiding → Trying to urinate the second time after a few minutes of wait
- Scheduled bathroom breaks (2-4 hours)
- Kegel exercises:
Kegel (pelvic muscle) exercises entail contracting the muscles that prevent you from urinating. Tighten them for 5 to 10 seconds, then relax them for the same time. Working your way up to 10 reps three times a day is a good goal.
- Urinal insert
- Medications and/or surgery as advised by the doctor.
Takeaway: Dribbling of urine is common but curable. Visit a doctor on noticing these symptoms. One might have to try multiple methods of treatment before finding one that works.